Akshaya Tritiya also referred as Akha Teej is considered the most auspicious days of all by Hindus in India. The pious day of Akshay Trithiya falls on the third day (Tithi) of Bright phase of moon (Shukla Paksha) of Hindu month of Vaishakha. The name Akshay Trithiya describes the special planetary positions of Moon, Sun and Jupiter, as on this day all three unanimously come under Mrigshira Nakshatra. Moon and Sun both glow at their brightest level, indicating the auspiciousness of the day.
The day of Akshay Trithiya is considered highly auspicious by Hindus as the day is thought to bring good fortune and prosperity for every one. The literal meaning of Akshay in Sanskrit means imperishable or “never diminishing” and thus the day is believed to be the best time for beginning new ventures or investing money in precious metals and land.
Legend of Akshaya Tritiya
Several legends have been associated with the auspicious day of Akshaya Tritiya. According to Hindu mythology, the day of Akshaya Tritiya marks the commencement of ‘Satya Yug’ or ‘Golden Age’. Another story suggests that on Akshaya Tritiya, both Veda Vyasa and Lord Ganesha started writing the epic ‘Mahabharata’. Mother Ganges, the sacred river imagined as the holy Goddess also descended on earth on the day of Akshaya Tritiya. According to the scriptures of Mahabharata, Lord Krishna presented the Pandavas with an ‘Akshaya Patra’, a container that supplies unlimited food on this propitious occasion. Krishna’s poor friend Sudama received his boon on Akshaya Tritiya. It is also considered the birth date of Lord Parashurama who happens to be one of the ten ‘Avatars’ of Lord Vishnu.
Celebrations and Rituals of Akshaya Tritiya
Akshaya Tritiya is considered one of the most momentous days in Hindu calendar. The day is chosen as the best time to perform religious activities like ‘Yagya’ and ‘Puja’. People start new ventures and businesses on the day of Akshaya Tritiya hoping that this will bring in sheer fortune and opulence to their lives. Hindus take sacred dip in the river Ganges and worship Devi Lakshmi and Lord Vishnu. In Bengal, shop owners perform Puja on Akshaya Tritiya and start their new account book or ‘Haal Khata’ as they call it. All their customers are invited to the shop on this day and are treated with sweetmeats. People purchase Gold coins, lands and jewelry on Akshaya Tritiya to retain fortune and wealth forever.
Significance of Akshaya Tritiya
Akshaya Tritiya is the festival that initiates good luck and prosperity. Every year, the sacred day sparks rays of new hope in Hindus from all over India and thus the day is celebrated by people irrespective of caste, creed and cultural diversities. The word Akshaya means that which never diminishes – hence beginnings made or valuables bought on this day are considered certain to bring luck and success